“Are you worrying about your child’s education? You should.
There are two schools of thought about how to teach your child to read. One is called decoding or systematic phonics, or phonics first. The other is called look-and- say, sight reading or psycholinguistics.
In 1975 the U.S. Office of Education sponsored the so-called APL, Adult Performance Level study,conducted by Dr. Norvel Northcutt of the University of Texas in Austin. It was designed to find out how many Americans had the skills to cope with modern life. It showed that 23 million people couldn’t read a want as, a job application or a label on a medicine bottle. Why? Because almost all of them were taught by look-and – say and the method does not work.
And what happened at the other end of the educational scale? How did our brightest young people do at college age after they had been taught reading by look-and- say in the first grade? For them look-and-say worked like a time bomb. SAT scores began to drop. A study was conducted by then Secretary of Labor Willard Wirtz . The result was ,”The panel members share strongly the national concern about the increasing signs of functional illiteracy…” However, in an appendix report professor Jeanne Chall of Harvard University offered a clue to that one basic cause. There was a clear cut relationship to the reading instruction program used ten years earlier in first grade. The program had been based on look- and- say.
There’s little doubt that we’ll soon see doctors who can’t easily read medical journals, lawyers who have difficulty researching a case, scientist who stumble through their professional literature.
Surely you do not want your Johnny or Mary to grow up as a functional illiterate. I’ll start with the difference between Phonics First and look and say.
Phonics first the child learns the mechanics of reading first,and then he reads. Look-and-say works differently. The child is taught to memorize words. It’s like learning to drive by starting your car and driving. You’d learn to recognize and remember certain landmarks. First,you pass by the big yellow garage,the house with a plastic stork on the lawn, turn right and past the plumber and the funeral home, turn right again and you pass the diner, one mor turn and you’re back home.
Continuing that look-and-say method ,you would repeat that lesson for three or four months until yup learned to drive around the block. Three months and you would have learned to drive to the church or the supermarket. By the time you’ve fully learned other landmarks,it would be the end of the school year and you would have a vocabulary of 350 words.
With phonics first the child is taught the letters of the alphabet and what sounds they stand for. Since English has only twenty-six letters to express about forty- four sounds,this is done in a strict sequence. For instance a sentence says, “Ann and Dan pin up the map.” Before they get to the sentence,the children have learned the sounds of n,d,p,m, short a, short I, and short u.
At the end of a semester or a year or two years,depending on which phonic system you use, children can read an estimated 24,000 words in their speaking or listening vocabulary. They can then go on to grammar, composition, literature, social studies, and science- in other words they can begin their education.
And how does look-and-say work? It works on the principle that children learn to read by reading. It starts with little stories containing the most often used words in English and gradually builds up a ” sight vocabulary.” The children learn to read by seeing those words over and over again. By the end of first grade they can recognise 349 words,by the end of second grade 1,094, by the end of third grade 1,216. These numbers come from the Scott,Foresman series.
The Scott,Foresman cumulative fourth-grade list contains the words, anteater,chariot,freckle,laryngitis,skunk,Siberian and toothpick. But they do not contain the words boil,sell,cheap,church,crime,pain,crime,due,pride,puff,steam,stock and twelve. These are words a look-and-say trained child may not be able to read by the end of the fourth grade. If he had been taught phonics First, he would be able to read his full speaking vocabulary,which has been estimated at 40,000 words.
Today some phonics is offered but it is offered too late and incomplete. Not first in the first grade but three years later.
At the end of the third grade students are not expected to read the word ‘salad’. A word that phonetics first school teaches in the first weeks of the first grade.
The moral of all this is clear. Go to your child’s school tomorrow and find out what system it uses to teach reading.
This excerpt was taken from Title, “Why Johnny still Can’t Read” by Rudolf Flesch.
There is more. Today children’s reading curriculum in many schools is engineered by the UN, lobbyist, and Federal money. the carrot used to get the targeted school to sign up. Or common Core. View these videos to save the country. One day Johnny will ask,”Is the state my family?” Number one: https:// youtu.be/9Azw5P7:OMY?t=15m42 s
the other is: http://www.fpeusa.org Very Very IMPORTANT
titles:Common Core Standards.
Educate yourself to the dumbing down of America. Two groups. Them and the obedient worker group.